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Minerals Quiz

Which of the following statements is false? Formation of table salt:
Question 1 answers
Correct Answer:
is an example of solidification of a melt.

Question 2 text   Question 2

Calcite and aragonite minerals that constitute clam shells are examples of which method of mineral formation?
Question 2 answers
Correct Answer:biomineralization

Question 3 text   Question 3

Question 3 answers
Correct Answer:  all of the above.

Question 4 text   Question 4  

Which of the following statements is false? Crystals:
Question 4 answers
Correct Answer:  
are formed by the high-temperature, extremely rapid process known as solid-state diffusion.

Question 5 text   Question 5  

Which of the following is not a mineral?
Question 5 answers
Correct Answer:  Oil, because it's a liquid, not a solid.

Question 6 text   Question 6  

The tendency of a mineral to break and produce smooth, curving shell-shaped surfaces is termed:
Question 6 answers
Correct Answer:  conchoidal fracture.

Question 7 text   Question 7  

There are two physical properties of minerals that both result in smooth, flat surfaces with specific angles between them. The first property is the result of how the mineral forms; the second is the result of breaking a sample of the mineral. These properties are called:
Question 7 answers
Correct Answer:crystal form and cleavage.

Question 8 text   Question 8

Graphite is:
Question 8 answers

Correct Answer:the lead in the pencil you write with.

Question 9 text   Question 9

An unknown mineral scratches glass, has only average specific gravity, and shows no cleavage but does show conchoidal fracture. Which of the following could it be?
Question 9 answers

Correct Answer:quartz

Question 10 text   Question 10  

Which of the following statements is false? Diamonds:
Question 10 answers

Correct Answer:  are found in carrot-shaped structures called pegmatites.

Question 11 text   Question 11

The expression "24 karat" must mean that:
Question 11 answers
Correct Answer:  the substance is 100% pure.

Question 12 text   Question 12

When you scrape a mineral along a ceramic plate to observe the color of its powder, you are checking the physical property known as:
Question 12 answers
Correct Answer:streak.

Question 13 text   Question 13  

An unknown mineral sample can be scratched by a copper penny and will scratch the penny. It reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid to produce carbon dioxide gas. Which of the following could it be?
Question 13 answers
Correct Answer: calcite

Question 14 text   Question 14  

Which of the following groups of silicate minerals exhibits a single strong cleavage in one direction?
Question 14 answers
Correct Answer: sheet silicates

Question 15 text   Question 15

Glass is not a mineral because it doesn't have crystal lattice structure.
Correct Answer: True

Question 16 text   Question 16

A geode is filled with anhedral crystals on its walls.
Question 16 answers

Correct Answer: False

Question 17 text   Question 17  

Calcite and halite both have one direction of cleavage.
Question 17 answers

Correct Answer: False

Question 18 text   Question 18

Mica peels apart in parallel sheets because the chemical bonds between sheets are weak and the chemical bonds within sheets are strong.
Question 18 answers
Correct Answer: True

Question 19 text   Question 19  

The energy of various crystals has been shown to “channel the life force” and positively affect humans.
Question 19 answers
Correct Answer: False

Question 20 text   Question 20

Ice crystals form by solidification of a melt.
Question 20 answers

Correct Answer: True

Question 21 text   Question 21  

Minerals can be destroyed by heating them, by dissolving them, by some chemical reactions, or by microbial action.
Question 21 answers
Correct Answer: True

Question 22 text   Question 22  

Pegmatites are rocks composed of extremely fine-grained mineral crystals so it's easy to see the gemstones in them.
Question 22 answers

Correct Answer: False

Question 23 text   Question 23

Color and cleavage are two very useful physical properties used to identify quartz.
Question 23 answers
Correct Answer: False

Question 24 text   Question 24

Gold and copper can both be found as native metals.
Question 24 answers
Correct Answer: True

Question 25 text   Question 25

Facets are simply a jeweler's encouragement of crystal faces.
Question 25 answers
Correct Answer: False

Question 26 text   Question 26  

The Hope Diamond, now in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C., has exceptional value because in addition to being the subject of legends and curses, it's a rare blue diamond.
Question 26 answers
Correct Answer: True

Question 27 text   Question 27  

Examples of precious stones are diamonds, rubies, sapphires, and emeralds; examples of semi-precious stones are aquamarines, garnets, topaz, and tourmaline.
Question 27 answers
Correct Answer: True

Question 28 text   Question 28

All precious and semi-precious stones must be transparent.
Question 28 answers
Correct Answer: False

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Question 1
Correct Answer:  is illustrated by scientists' seeing pillow lava form only under water, then theorizing that pillow lava found high in the mountains today did nevertheless form under water.

Question 2
Which of the following shows four time divisions listed from oldest to youngest?
Correct Answer: Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic

Question 3
Choose the proper listing of names to fit the following three descriptions: Age of Mammals, Age of Dinosaurs, and longest geologic time period.
Correct Answer:  Cenozoic, Mesozoic, Precambrian

Question 4
Which of the following is not a method to determine numerical age?
Correct Answer:  cross-cutting relations

Question 5
Which of the following statements is false?
Correct Answer:  An unconformity is a break in the rock record that indicates the area was under water for millions of years.

Question 6
Which of the following statements is false? The principle of:
Correct Answer:  inclusions says rock containi…

Crustal Deformation

Question 1
Which term has nothing to do with true mountains?
Correct Answer: cratonic platform

Question 2
Which of the following conditions will tend to make rocks change by ductile deformation rather than by brittle deformation?
Correct Answer: slowly applied stress

Question 3
Pick out the true statement. The San Andreas Fault:
Correct Answer: is a right-lateral strike-slip fault.

Question 4
If you see small angular fragments of shattered rock along a linear boundary between two masses of rock, you must be looking at:
Correct Answer: fault breccia

Question 5
Faulting in the Basin and Range Province of Nevada, Utah, and Arizona:
Correct Answer: all of the above are true statements.

Question 6
Which of the following statements is false?
Correct Answer:Mountains continue to get higher as long as the rate of erosion equals the rate of uplift.

Question 7
Which of the following statements is false? Mountains:
Correct Answer: are randomly distributed over Earth's surface.

Question 8